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Important Years Indian History

India is country whose History is too rich. It starts from Indus Valley Civilisation which is started around 300 BC. Let us look about the periods and Events happen in Indian History via Table.


Periods
Events/Significance
BC
300-5000
Indus Valley Civilisation
563
Birth of Gautama Buddha (or 576 BC in some sources)
527-540
Birth of Mahavira; Nirvana
327-326
Alexander's invasion of India. It opened a land route between India and Europe
313
Accession of Chandragupta Maurya, according to Jain traditions.
305
Defeat of Seleucus at the hands of Chandragupta Maurya
273-232
Ashoka's reign
261
Conquest of Kalinga
145-101
Reign of Elara, the Chola king of Sri Lanka
58
Beginning of Vikrami Era
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78
Beginning of Saka Era
120
Accession of Kanishka
320
Commencement of Gupta Era, the golden age of Hindu India
380
Accession of Vikramaditya
405-411
Visit of Chinese traveller Fahien
415
Accession of Kumara Gupta I
455
Accession of Skanda Gupta
606-647
Harshvardhan's reign
712
First invasion in Sindh by Arabs
836
Accession of King Bhoja of Kannauj
985
Accession of Rajaraja the Chola ruler
998
Accession of Sultan Mahmud
1001
First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni who defeated Jaipal, ruler of Punjab.
1025
Destruction of Somnath Temple by Mahmud Ghazni
1191
First Battle of Tarain
1192
Second Battle of Tarain
1206
Accession of Qutub-ud-Din Aibak to the throne of Delhi
1210
Death of Qutb-ud-Din Aibak
1221
Changez Khan invaded India (Mongol invasion)
1236
Accession of Razia Sultan to the throne of Delhi
1240
Death of Razia Sultan
1296
Accession of Ala-ud-Din Khilji
1316
Death of Ala-ud-Din Khilji
1325
Accession of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq
1327
Shifting of Capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in Deccan by the Tughlaqs
1336
Foundation of Vijayanagar empire in South
1351
Accession of Feroze Shah
1398
Invasion of India by Timur
1469
Birth of Guru Nanak
1494
Accession of Babur in Farghana
1497-98
First Voyage of Vasco de Gama to India (discovery of sea route to India via Cape of Good Hope) I
1526
First Battle of Panipat; Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi; foundation of Mughal dynasty by Babur
1527
Battle of Kanawha-Babur defeated Rana Sanga
1530
Death of Babur and Accession of Humayun
1539
Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and became India's emperor
1555
Humayun recaptured the throne of Delhi
1556
Second battle of Panipat
1565
Battle of Talikota
1576
Battle of Haldighati - Rana Pratap defeated by Akbar
1582
Din-e-ILahi founded by Akbar
1600
East India Company established
1605
Death of Akbar and accession of Jahangir
1606
Execution of Guru Arjun Dev
1611
Jehangir marries Nur Jahan
1616
Sir Thomas Roe visits Jehangir
1627
Birth of Shivaji and death of Jahangir
1628
Shah Jahan becomes emperor of India
1631
Death of Mumtaz Mahal
1634
The English permitted to trade in India (in Bengal)
1659
Accession of Aurangzeb, Shah Jahan imprisoned
1665
Shivaji imprisoned, by Aurangzeb
1666
Death of Shah Jahan
1675
Execution of Guru Teg Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs
1680
Death of Shivaji
1707
Death of Aurangzeb
1708
Death of Guru Gobind Singh
1739
Nadir Shah Invades India
1757
Battle of Plassey, establishment of British political rule in India at the hands of Lord Clive
1761
Third Battle of Panipat; Shah Alam II becomes India's emperor
1764
Battle of Buxar
1765
Clive appointed Company's Governor of India
1767-69
First Mysore War
1780
Birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1780-84
Second Mysore War
1784
Pitt's India Act
1790-92
Third Mysore War
1793
The Permanent Settlement of Bengal
1799
Fourth Mysore War - Death of Tipu Sultan
1802
Treaty of Bassein
1809
Treaty of Amritsar
1829
Practice of Sati Prohibited
1830
Raja Ram Mohan Roy visits England
1833
Death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy
1839
Death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1839-42
First Afghan War
1845-46
First Anglo-Sikh War
1852
Second Anglo-Burmese War
1853
First Railway line opened between Bombay and Thane and a Telegraph line in Calcutta
1857
The Sepoy Mutiny of First War of Independence
1861
Birth of Rabindranath Tagore
1869
Birth of Mahatma Gandhi
1885
Foundation of Indian National Congress
1889
Birth of Jawaharlal Nehru
1897
Birth of Subhash Chandra Bose
1904
Tibet Expedition
1905
First Battle of Bengal under Lord Curzon
1906
Foundation of Muslim League
1911
Delhi Darbar; King and Queen visit India; Delhi becomes the Capital of India
1914
World War I begins
1916
Lucknow Pact Signed by Muslim League and Congress
1918
World War I ends
1919
Montague-Chemsford Reforms introduced; Jallianwala Bagh Massacre at Amritsar
1920
Khilafat Movement launched
1927
Boycott of Simon Commission; broadcasting started in India
1928
Death of Lala Lajpat Rai
1929
Lord Irwain's Pact; resolution of complete independence passed at Lahore Congress
1930
Civil disobedience movement launched; Dandi March by Mahatma Gandhi (6 April, 1930)
1931
Gandhi Irwin Pact
1935
Government of India Act enacted
1937
Provincial Autonomy; Congress forms ministries
1939
Word War II begins (September 1)
1941
Escape of Subhash Chandra Bose from India and death of Rabindranath Tagore
1942
Arrival of Cripps Mission in India; Quit India Movement launched (August 8)
1943-1944
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forms provisional Azad Hind Fauj and Indian National Army; Bengal Famine
1945
Trial of Indian National Army at Red Fort; Shimla Conference; World War II ends
1946
British Cabinet Mission visits India; Interim government formed at centre
1947
Division of India; Indian and Pakistan seperate independent dimensions
1948
Mahatma Gandhi assassinated (Jannuary 30); integration of princely states

More Years of Indian History:

Year Event
1851First telegraph line in India is operational between Calcutta and Diamond Harbour.
1853First train in India runs from Bombay to Thane.
1857First war of Indian independence also called the Sepoy Mutiny by the British.
1881The first complete census of population conducted on a uniform basis throughout India.
1885Formation of Indian National Congress by A.O. Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji, Dinshaw Wacha, W.C. Bonnerjee and others.
1905Partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon. Swadeshi Movement launched.
1909Indian Council Act popularly known as Minto Morley reforms allowing a limited increase in the involvement of Indians in governance passed.
1911Visit of King George V to India, Shifting of capital from Calcutta to Delhi. Jana Gana Mana first sung at Calcutta session of INC. Launch of first air mail in India & World from Bumraulli to Allahabad.
1919Government of India Act, 1919 introducing dyarchy, Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh tragedy.
1920Khilafat movement, Launch of Non-cooperation movement.
1922Chauri Chaura outrage in UP, Suspension of Non-cooperation movement.
1928Visit of Simon Commission to India, Death of Lala Lajpat Rai
1929Resolution of complete independence at Lahore session of Indian National Congress.
1930Dandi March, Launch of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
1931Gandhi Irwin pact, execution of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru.
1935Government of India Act.
1942Quit India movement, Formation of Azad Hind Fauz.
1943Visit of Cripps Commission to India.
1946British Cabinet mission visited India.
1947Independence and partition of India.
1948Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, 1st Pak aggression
1950India became republic
19511st Five year plan and 1st Asian Games in Delhi
19521st General elections
1954Panchasheel signed by India and China
1956Reorganisation of Indian states on linguistic basis
1957Introduction of decimal system in currency
1959First television service started in India in New Delhi.
1961Liberation of Goa from the Portuguese
1962Chinese aggression
1964Death of Jawaharlal Nehru
1965Indo-Pak war
1966Death of Lal Bahadur Shastri
1969Split in Indian National Congress and nationalisation of 14 banks. India's first Atomic Power Station Tarapur commences commercial operation.
1971Indo-Pak war
1972Simla agreement signed between India and Pakistan
1974First nuclear test codenamed Smiling Buddha carried out at Pokhran (Rajasthan)(May 18).
1975First Indian satellite Aryabhatta launched, Imposition of Emergency in the country.
1977Congress loses power for the first time at the centre
1980Return of Congress to power, nationalisation of six more banks.
1982Colour television comes to India. IX Asian Games held in Delhi.
1984Death of Indira Gandhi.
1991Death of Rajiv Gandhi. Commencement of economic liberalisation in India.
1992Demolition of Babri Masjid.
1995Internet comes to India.
1998India’s second nuclear test codenamed Operation Shakti.
1999Kargil invasion by Pakistani troops.
2000India's population reaches 1 billion mark.
2001Earthquake in Gujarat (January), Attack on Indian Parliament (December).
2002Godhra incident.
2004Tsunami in Indian Ocean.
2008Launch of India's first lunar probe, Chandrayaan-1.
2013Launch of Mars Orbiter Mission.

Indian History have a lots of contents, they are also been asked in Competition like SSC, UPSC, and PCS.

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