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Current Affairs - May 2016

What happen in May 2016, GK & Current Affairs – May, 2016 with latest current affairs questions for RRB, SSC, SSB, and other competitive exams.
    1. Recently, a 3-member Indian women’s archery team consists of Deepika Kumari, Bombayla Devi and Laxmirani Majhi has been named for the Rio Olympics after a series of selection trials in the last 3-months. The women’s trio will compete in the individual events as well as team event at the 2016 Rio Olympics.
    2. The Urban Development Minister Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu has recently launched a 15-day special initiative ‘Swachh Office Drive’ for ensuring cleanliness at all Government offices across the country under the Swachh Bharat Mission. The Ministry also issued a Swachh Office Manual suggesting standard procedures to all central ministries and state governments to ensure sanitation.The Manual enables self-assessment framework for improving Swachh Office Ratings, identification of gaps in sanitation infrastructure for correctional interventions.
    3. The first Maritime Security Dialogue between India and the United States was recently held at Jawaharlal Nehru Bhawan, New Delhi. The discussion focused on strategic maritime security issues such as Asia-Pacific maritime challenges, naval cooperation and multilateral engagement. Both the sides agreed for “white shipping” technical arrangement to improve data sharing on commercial shipping traffic and Navy-to-Navy discussions on submarine safety and anti-submarine warfare.
    4. The first World Conference on Tourism for Development will be held in Beijing, China from May 18-21, 2016 under the theme ‘Tourism for Peace and Development’ to advance the contribution of tourism to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). The event will be jointly organized by the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). Beside this, China, as chair of the G20, will also host the 7th G20 Tourism Ministers’ Meeting under the theme “Sustainable Tourism – An Effective Tool for Inclusive Development”.
    5. Han Kang, the South Korean author, has won the 2016 Man Booker International Prize for her novel ‘The Vegetarian’. A novel is about a woman who wants to reject human brutality and gives up eating meat. With this, she became the first South Korean to win this prestigious award. As per new format, the prize, worth $72,000, will be shared equally between Han and her translator Deborah Smith.
    6. The first-of-its-kind military tourism initiative in India “Veer Yatra” has been launched by Maharashtra Ex-servicemen’s Corporation (MESCO) in Pune, Maharashtra to strengthen the bond between the military establishment and the civilian population. It is a nationwide tour of Indian Military camps, colleges, memorials and museums. The initiative would also provide meaningful and gainful employment to ex-servicemen and army widows.
    7. Justice Deepak Gupta has been sworn-in as the new Chief Justice of the Chhattisgarh High Court. Previously, he was the Chief Justice of the Tripura High Court.
    8. The World Telecommunication and Information Society Day (WTISD) is observed every year on May 17 to mark the anniversary of International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and to raise awareness of the possibilities that the use of the Internet and other Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can bring to societies and economies, as well as of ways to bridge the digital divide. The 2016 theme is “ICT: Entrepreneurship for social impact”.
    9. The book “Making It Big: The inspiring Story of Nepal’s first billionaire in his own words” has been authored by Binod Chaudhary,Nepal’s first billionaire. It is the inspiring story of the author, who is behind the iconic Wai Wai noodles brand. The story offers lessons on turning dreams into reality and is a must-read for all upcoming entrepreneurs.
    10. Nandini Bhandaru , a doctoral researcher at IIT-Kharagpur, has won the European Materials Research Society (E-MRS’s) Young Scientist Award at the 2016 EMRS Spring Meeting in Lille, France for her outstanding contribution to materials science and nanotechnology, particularly nano-patterning of soft films and surfaces.
    11. India has successfully test fired an indigenously developed Advanced Air Defence interceptor missile “Ashwin” at Abdul Kalam Island in Bhadrak district of Odisha. It is capable of destroying any incoming hostile ballistic missile. With this, India has become the fourth country to have successfully developed this anti-ballistic missile system, after United States, Russia and Israel. The interceptor missile is a 7.5-meter long single stage solid rocket propelled guided missile equipped with a navigation system, a hi-tech computer and an electro-mechanical activator. It weighs around 1.2 tonnes and has a diameter of less than 0.5 meter.
    12. Sania Mirza and her Swiss partner Martina Hingis have won the 2016 Italy Open Women’s Doubles Title by defeating the Russians Ekaterina Makarova and Elena Vesnina in the final by 6-1, 6-7, 10-3. This was the season’s 5th title for the Indo-Swiss pair after Sydney, Brisbane, Australian Open and St Petersburg. With this victory, Hingis and Mirza has also captured their 14th women’s doubles title together.
    13. Max Verstappen (18) has become the youngest-ever winner of a Formula 1 by winning the 2016 Formula 1 Spanish Grand Prix at the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in Montmelo, Spain. He is a Belgian-Dutch racing driver who competes under the Dutch flag in Formula One with Red Bull Racing.
    14. Andy Murray from Britain has won the 2016 Italian Open Men’s singles tennis tournament by defeating Novak Djokovic in the final by 6-3, 6-3 score. in Rome, Italy. It is Murray’s first Italian Open title. With this, he has become the first British singles champion in Rome since Virginia Wade in 1971 and the first men’s singles winner there since George Patrick Hughes in 1931.
    15. A non-fiction short film on girl child education “Beti” has been invited for a special screening at the 42nd edition of Seattle International Film Festival (SIFF) 2016, Washington DC. The movie is a 4-minute documentary, is directed by Shivain Arora. The short film promotes girl child by narrating the real life story of three girls from a government school and their dream for the future. It is the only short film from India to be featured amongst 421 films representing 85 countries. 
    16. Rajasthan is set to become the first Indian state to issue newspaper advertisements for the post of Vice Chancellor (VC) of government universities.The new process will allow maximum number of applicants to apply for the post of VC. With this process, the university will get a VC in time and the selection process will be more transparent. Presently, the selection committee headed by the nominee of the Governor selected a candidate without any advertisement.
    17. The Government of India (GoI) has recently declared May 16 as National Dengue Day to mark the toll the deadly disease has been taking in terms of lives and to reaffirm nationwide efforts to tackle the scourge by using both education and medical intervention. Dengue is a viral disease i.e. transmitted by the bite of Aedes mosquito, which include symptons such as high grade fever 2 to 7 days and headache, vomiting, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash.
    18. Prof. Udupi Ramachandra Rao, the former chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), will be honoured with the 2016 IAF Hall of Fame Award by the International Astronautical Federation (IAF) for his outstanding contribution to the progress of astronautics within the framework of the IAF activities. He will receive the ‘IAF Hall of Fame’ Award and a certificate at the 67th International Astronautical Congress on September 30, 2016 in Guadalajara, Mexico. With this, Prof Rao will become the first Indian to be honoured with the ‘Hall of Fame’ Award by the IAF.
    19. Justice Mukul Mudgal has been appointed as the deputy chairman of FIFA Governance Committee. He is the former Chief Justice of Punjab and Haryana and headed the IPL spot-fixing probe. Beside him, Portuguese Luis Miguel Maduro, who is a former European Court of Justice Advocate General, will head FIFA’s governance committee.
    20. As per National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), the Delhi-based think-tank, India’s GDP growth rate is projected to 7.6 % in FY 16 (2015-16) and 7.7 % FY 17 (2016-17) because of a favourable monsoon.
    21. The Indian Air Force (IAF) has recently launched its Electronic Maintenance Management System (e-MMS) Project, an automated military maintenance system at the Air Force Station in Pune, Maharashtra. The project is one of the largest Maintenance Repair Overhaul (MRO) IT implementation in the world, which would help IAF to transform from a paper-based legacy maintenance system to an online system. The e- MMS system has been designed and developed by the Indian IT giant Wipro.
    22. Manjit Singh, co-founder of the Sikh American Legal Defense and Education Fund, has been appointed as the member of President’s Advisory Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships (PACFBNF) by the US President Barack Obama. Singh is the President of Agilious, a software technology consulting firm he founded in 2013.
    23. The book “Chaos and Caliphate: Jihadis and the West in the Struggle for the Middle East” has been authored by Patrick Cockburn, an Irish Journalist. The book exposes how millions of people were killed by a series of disastrous Western interventions in West Asia. It communicates the author’s experiences in these places and it provides much context for these events at a personal level. The largest part of the book deals with Iraq. He is best at explaining the motives of people in those areas.
    24. Hindupur Pradeep Rao, the 1981 batch officer of Indian Audit and Account Service, has been appointed as the Deputy Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) with effect from July 1, 2016.
    25. India’s first contactless business credit card has been launched by ICICI bank in association with Jet Airways, India premier international airline,, for Small and Mid-sized Enterprises (SMEs) and their employees. The card has been christened as the ‘Jet Airways ICICI Bank Business Advantage Card’, which helps customers to save on their business expenses. The card is powered by the ‘ VISA payWave’ contactless technology that enables the cardholder to make payments by simply tapping the card at contactless enabled terminals in more than 48 countries, including India. The card can also be used by dipping or swiping at non-contactless merchants.
    26. Michel Temer, the former vice president of Brazil, has assumed the presidential powers and duties as Acting President of Brazil following the suspension of President Dilma Rousseff during her impeachment trial. He played an important role in the effort to impeach Dilma Rousseff, the first woman Brazilian President. On May 12, 2016, she has been suspended from office, with her presidential powers and duties removed until her Senate trial ends, but she retains the title, official residence and staff.
    27. Former India captain Anil Kumble has been re-appointed as the chairman of the ICC Cricket Committee for 3 years. Kumble, the all-time highest wicket-taker for India, was appointed as the chairman for his first term in 2012 and will now continue to head the panel until 2018. The ICC Cricket Committee is representative of all stakeholders in the game, including players and umpires. It is empowered to make recommendations on cricket playing issues.
    28. Reliance Jio Infocomm, a subsidiary of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), has launched “JioMoney Wallet” , a digital wallet service, for Indian consumers. The service will enable customers to make bill payments, mobile recharges and insurance premium payments, as well as do online shopping. It also allows users to send and receive money to and from family and friends. The wallet service, which allows consumers to use barcode scan to pay at physical stores, will also offer deals, coupons and cashback directly to customers on their mobile phone from local merchants. Additionally, the service will enable easy transfer of JioMoney balance into the customer’s bank account.
    29. The terrorist group Islamic State (IS), also known as Daesh or ISIS or ISIL, has recently launched its first mobile app “Huroof” for children to teach them the Arabic alphabet and it has full of references to weapons and jihad. The app has games for memorizing and how to write the Arabic letters in addition to including a nasheed (a cappella Islamic songs) designed to help teach the alphabet. The lyrics in the nasheed are littered with jihadist terminology, while other games within the app also include militaristic vocabulary with basic words like tank, gun, rocket, etc.
    30. Shweta Rathore, silver medal winner at the prestigious Asian Body Building and Physique Championship in 2015, will be first Indian to compete in the World Championship to be held in Hungary in October 2016.
    31. Revathi Balakrishnan, an Indian-American woman elementary teacher from Texas, has been honored by US President Barack Obama at the White House for her excellent work in the field of education. Beside this, she has been named as the 2016 Texas Elementary Teacher of the Year and Texas Teacher of the Year.
    32. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will issue banknotes of Rs. 1000 denominations with inset letter ‘R’ in both the number panels. The banknotes will have on the obverse, all the other security features, including ascending size of numerals, bleed lines and enlarged identification mark. The banknotes bearing signature of RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan, will also have the year of printing ‘2016’ printed on the reverse.
    33. Tony Cozier (75), the legendary West Indies commentator, has recently passed away in Barbados. He covered almost every West Indies series since 1962 and is one of the most respected cricket writer, broadcaster and historian. He was described as having an encyclopaedic knowledge of cricket.
    34. Indian Wrestler Ravinder Khatri has recently secured the 2016 Rio Olympic berth in the Greco-Roman 85 kg category after Kenjeev Janarbek of Kyrgyzstan failed the dope test at the Asian Olympic qualifier. Apart from him, Babita Kumari has also booked a ticket to 2016 Rio Olympic after Sumiya Erdenechimeg failed the test in 53kg freestyle division. With this, 8-Indian wrestlers from India has booked their berth in 2016 Olympics.This is the first time that India will be represented in all three formats -men’s freestyle, female wrestling and Greco-Roman at the Olympics.
    35. Shashank Manohar, the former President of Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), has been appointed as the new independent chairman of the International Cricket Council (ICC) for a tenure of two years.
    36. As per recently released urban air quality database of World Health Organization (WHO), “Zabol” an eastern Iranian city, has been ranked first among the most polluted cities in the world. Based on readings of fine particulate pollution in the air (PM 2.5), the four Indian cities are among the world’s 10 most polluted cities. These are Gwalior (2nd), Allahabad (3rd) , Patna (6th), and Raipur (7th). The National Capital of India “New Delhi” has been ranked 11th among 3,000 cities in 103 countries in terms of PM 2.5 and 25th in terms of PM 10 (coarse pollution particles) levels. In 2014, New Delhi was ranked the most polluted city.
    37. The Union Ministry of Textiles has recently signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with NDTV Ethnic Retail Ltd. for popularizing India Handloom textiles as a fashionable product for youth at Udyog Bhawan, New Delhi. The joint venture will promote and launch NDTV’s Indian Roots Fashion Accelerator (IFA) project, to support fresh talent and to support new and innovative ventures in fashion industry.
    38. Praveen Rashtrapal (76), an Indian National Congress (INC) leader and a Rajya Sabha member from Gujarat, has recently passed away in New Delhi . Following his demise, Rajya Sabha was adjourned for the day on May 12, 2016. He was a distinguished Parliamentarian, a noted trade unionist and a dedicated social worker. Rashtrapal was elected to the 13th Lok Sabha (1999-2004) and was a member from the Upper House from April 2006 to April 2012 and was re-elected in April 2012. He was the Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax and was also associated with the trade union movement of Income Tax employees.
    39. The International Nurses Day is observed every year on May 12 to commemorate the birth anniversary of the Florence Nightingale and to mark the contribution of nurses towards the society. The 2016 theme is “Nurses: A Force for Change: Improving Health Systems’ Resilience”.
    40. The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) Chief Mohan Bhagwat has recently inaugurated the 3-day International Vichaar Mahakumbh conference at Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh. The conference will hold discourses on various aspects of human welfare viz. values, religion, spirituality, environment, science and women’s empowerment. The people from all walks of life and society will participate in the Vichar Mahakumbh. It is an effort to discover the solutions to various national and global problems from the perspective of traditional values of life.
    41. The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has recently launched a web-based application “Integrated Waste Management System (IWMS) -www.iwms.nic.in” to help in tracking the movement and management of hazardous and other solid wastes. The purpose of the portal is to increase transparency in the working of the Ministry and other Centre/State level regulatory bodies and also to reduce the time taken for processing applications, seeking various types of permissions under the recently notified waste management regulations. The portal will facilitate the people in obtaining permission for import and export of certain categories of waste, for reuse, recycling, recovery or co-processing and conserve the primary source and also help the authorities to identify the problem areas and plan accordingly.
    42. The bollywood actress Priyanka Chopra has been ranked No. 1 in the “Times 50 Most Desirable Women 2015” list, followed by Deepika Padukone and Sunny Leone and Jacqueline Fernandez.
    43. The National Technology Day is celebrated every year on May 11 by the Union Ministry of Science & Technology to commemorate achievements of Innovation and Technology in India. The 2016 theme ‘Technology enablers of Startup India’.
    44. Rodrigo Duterte, Maverick anti-crime candidate and mayor of Davao City, has won the 2016 Philippines Presidential Election. He will succeed the President Benigno S. Aquino III in June 2016.
    45. The Indian Navy has recently launched the state-of-the-art harbour defence systems, viz. Integrated Underwater Harbour Defence and Surveillance System (IUHDSS) and Mine Warfare Data Centre (MWDC) to increase the Navy’s surveillance capability and response to security threats at the naval dockyard in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. The IUHDSS is a multi-sensor system capable of detecting, identifying, tracking and generating warnings for all types of surface and underwater threats to Visakhapatnam harbour. While, the MWDC will collate, analyze and classify data collected by the Navy’s Mine Hunting Ships from various ports along the East coast.
    46. The Hockey India (HI) has recently recommended national men’s team players V.R. Raghunath and Dharamvir Singh and women’s team captain Ritu Rani for the Arjuna Award 2016. Apart from this, Former Indian player Sylvanus Dung Dung, who was part of the Olympic gold medal winning team in 1980, has been recommended for the 2016 Dhyan Chand Lifetime Achievement Award and veteran Coach CR Kumar has been recommended for the 2016 Dronacharya Award.
    47. The Madhya Pradesh Tourism (MPT) has won the Lonely Planet Group’s Best Indian Destination for Wildlife Award for the year 2016.
    48. The book “White magic: A story of heart break , Hard Drugs and Hope” has been authored by Arjun Nath. Through the book, the author describes the time he spent at Land as a recovering heroin addict: the rules and rituals, the agony of withdrawal and the moments of lightness he shared with his fellow inhabitants. In all, it’s a funny book on getting back on track after doing drugs.
    49. The Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary (also known as Pakshi Kashi of Karnataka) is a bird sanctuary in the Mandya District, Karnataka. It is an important nesting and breeding ground for the thousands of bird species. The sanctuary is a home to streak-throated swallows, great stone plover, painted stork, Asian openbill stork, common spoonbill, woolly-necked stork, black-headed ibis, lesser whistling duck, Indian shag, stork-billed kingfisher, egret, cormorant, etc.
    50. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has recently established Nozzle Testing Laboratories (NTL) at Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre in Thiruvananthapuram, Andhra Pradesh to carry out advanced R&D esearch in the area of rocket nozzle. The nozzles up to Area Ratio (AR) 300 and more can be tested in the facility. This NTL facility is the first of its kind in India to cater to a wide range of studies related to nozzles such as contour optimisation for large AR (Area Ratio) nozzles, flow separation, techniques for flow separation control, nozzle wall heat transfer.
    51. Indian Boxers viz. Ankush Dahiya (60kg), Ashish Kulhirya (64kg) and Reyal Puri (81kg) has won silver medals and Manjeet Singh (+91kg) has won bronze medal in the 7th edition of Asian Youth Championships 2016 held at Pavlodar, Kazakhstan. With this, India has acquired third position after Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in the tournament.
    52. The book “Who killed Swami Laxmanananda?” has been authored by Anto Akkaraa, a rights advocate and journalist with international media. The book gives details about sequence of events that demolishes the ?theory of Christian conspiracy in the killing of the hindu monk in Kandhamal District of Odisha on August 23, ??2008. In the rioting that followed nearly 50 Christians were officially confirmed killed.
    53. Dr. Manvendra K Singh, an Indian scientist from Uttar Pradesh’s Gorakhpur city, has been awarded the Singapore’s National Research Foundation (NRF) fellowship of SGD 3mn (about Rs. 14.7 crore) to pursue research in the field of congenital and adult cardiovascular diseases. He is working as an assistant professor in the cardiovascular and metabolic disorders programme at Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore. The NRF is responsible for developing strategies, policies and plans for research, innovation and enterprise.
    54. The World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD) is observed every year on the second weekend of May across the world to raise awareness and highlight the need for the protection of migratory birds and their habitats. The 2016 WMBD is observed on May 10 with the theme “Stop the Illegal Killing, Taking and Trade of Migratory Birds”.
    55. The Union Government has recently constituted Sanjay Mitra committee to prepare a policy framework for app-based taxi aggregators and other transport operators. The 3-member committee will look into the issues of Supreme Court’s order dated December 2015 and Environmental Pollution Prevention and Control Authority (EPCA) directions dated April 29, 2016 on banning diesel taxis in Delhi-NCR and the various problems the operators are facing as a result of the ban.
    56. Atmaram Nadkarni, Bombay High Court senior advocate, has been appointed as the Additional Solicitor General (ASG) in Supreme Court of India for a period of 3 years. An ASG acts as law officer to advice the Government of India (GoI) on various legal matters. The headquarters of ASG may be at New Delhi or Mumbai or Chennai or Allahabad as the GoI may specify from time to time.
    57. The Union Ministry for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation has recently launched 9-projects for rural sanitation initiatives under Namami Gange Programme for conservation of river Ganga in Sahibganj, Jharkhand. The purpose of the projects is to improve the health and quality of life of 78 villages of the Ganga River basin in Jharkhand through improved sanitation practices, quality of waste water and storm water runoff flowing from the villages into the river Ganga.
    58. Mrugank Paranjape has been appointed as the new Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX), country’s largest commodity exchange.
    59. The Green Zone is the most common name for the International Zone of Baghdad.
    60. The Union Minister of State for Culture and Tourism Dr. Mahesh Sharma has recently released a commemorative coin of Rs 100 and a circulation coin of Rs 10 as a part of 475th Birth Anniversary Celebrations of Maharana Pratap in New Delhi. Maharana Pratap was the ruler of Mewar, a province in modern day Rajasthan. He was a brave warrior, successful organizer and ingenious strategist, who fearlessly fought the Mughals and protected his people until his death.
    61. Recently, Sakshi Malik, Indian wrestler in the women’s freestyle 58 kg category, has booked her berth in the 2016 Rio Olympics by defeating Len Jhang in the semifinal at the Olympic world qualifying tournament at Istambul, Turkey. Beside her, Vinesh Phogat (48 kg category ) has also qualified for 2016 Rio Olympics by defeating Avin Demirhan of Turkey 12-2 in the semi final in the qualifying tournament.
    62. According to ‘The Economist’ newspaper , India has been ranked at 9th position in the 2016 crony-capitalism index with crony sector wealth accounting for 3.4 % of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The non-crony sector wealth in India accounts for 8.3 % of its GDP. Among the 22 countries, the index ranked Russia as the worst crony-capitalist country, followed by Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Ukraine, Mexico, Indonesia and Turkey. Taiwan and China are ranked 10th and 11th position. Germany is the cleanest with least number of crony capitalists. The Economist composed the index by consulting Forbes’s list of the world’s billionaires. The magazine then labelled each billionaire a “crony” or not depending on how they earned their fortune. The term “Crony capitalism” describes an economy in which success in business depends on close relationships between business people and government officials.
    63. Kalraj Mishra, the Union Minister for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), has recently inaugurated the Harmukh Khadi Gram Udyog Sansthan in Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir. The sansthan will be the spinning and weaving centre and marketing plaza for khadi goods.
    64. The Agrasen ki Baoli is a 60-meter long and 15-meter wide historical step well on Hailey Road in New Delhi. It was built in pre-Lodhi era (14th century) by Raja Agrasen to collect rainwater during the mansoon. It is a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act of 1958.
    65. The Government of India (GoI) has started the process for issuance of Unique Business Identification Number (UBIN) for start-up enterprises to begin their new businesses without any delays. The drive has been launched by the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) under the aegis of Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry. The DIPP will issue the UBIN for the new entrepreneurs after the receipt of related applications. This number would automatically be moved on to Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) portal after it is issued to the intended beneficiary and subsequently sent on to the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) which would nomenclature it as Permanent Account Number (PAN) for UBIN.
    66. The Gujarat Government has recently accorded minority status to the Jain community in the state and regarding to it, a Government Resolution (GR) has also issued. Previously, the UPA government at the Centre had conferred minority status on the community at the national level in January 2014. The minority status has nothing to do with reservation, it will benefit the poor among the Jain community as they can avail of various scholarships and government welfare schemes.
    67. The Asia’s first Rice Technology Park will be set up by the Karnataka Government at Gangavati in Koppal district. Beside this, the Maize Technology Park will also set up at Ranebennur in Haveri district. The parks will be based on the public-private participation model to resolve the problems of rice and maize growers. It also help paddy cultivators of Tungbhadra command area and Krishna command area. Additionally, the technology park would have facilities for rice flour, rice rava, rice bran oil, noodles, rice-based alcohol, animal and poultry feed and paddy husk used for power generation and brick-making.
    68. The book “Anubandh: Building 100-mile communities” has been authored by Ela Bhatt, noted Gandhian and the force behind the Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA). The book makes an appeal to build holistic and mutually beneficial communities to cater to the basic needs of daily life: food (including water), clothing, education, health, housing, education and banking. It also presents the idea of creating local communities within a 100-mile radius to cater to livelihoods and sustainable living. In a way, this originates from Gandhi’s belief of self-sustaining communities.
    69. Novak Djokovic, a Serbian professional tennis player, has won the 2016 Mutua Madrid Open Men’s Singles title by defeating Andy Murray in the final by 6-2 3-6 6-3 on outdoor clay courts at the Park Manzanares in Madrid, Spain.
    70. Novak Djokovic, a Serbian professional tennis player, has won the 2016 Mutua Madrid Open Men’s Singles title by defeating Andy Murray in the final by 6-2 3-6 6-3 on outdoor clay courts at the Park Manzanares in Madrid, Spain.
    71. The well-known actor Shashi Kapoor’s biography titled “Shashi Kapoor – the Householder, the Star” has been authored by film journalist Aseem Chhabra.
    72. The Space Exploration Technologies Corporation (SpaceX), the US-based private space transport service company, has successfully launched Japanese JCSAT-14 communication satellite into space from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, United States. The JCSAT-14 will support data networks, television broadcasters and mobile communications users in Japan, East Asia, Russia, Oceania, Hawaii and other Pacific islands. The satellite is designed for 15 years of service.
    73. ICICI Bank , the private sector lender, has become the first financial institution of India to sign MoU with the BRICS Grouping-promoted New Development Bank (NDB) for a partnership in bond issuances, co-financing, treasury management and human resources. It creates a platform for sharing knowledge and deepening network connectivity between NDB and ICICI Bank. The agreement will also facilitate NDB in exploring rupee-denominated bonds in the domestic and international markets and also help collaborate for funding India’s development project.
    74. Pakistan has won the 3rd edition of the Asian Kabaddi Championship 2016 (Circle Style) by defeating India in the final by 50-31 in Islamabad, Pakistan and retain its title.
    75. The 4th edition of South Asia Initiative to End Violence Against Children (SAIEVAC) Ministerial meeting 2016 will be held in New Delhi, India from May 9 to 11, 2016 to ensure the protection and security of the children of the region. The SAIEVAC is the apex body of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) created to bring governments of the region into active engagement for child protection against violence.
    76. The World Athletics Day is observed every year on May 7 to popularize sports among the youth, to promote athletics as the primary sport in schools and institutions and to encourage and introduce new talent and youngsters in the field of athletics.
    77. The Nagaland State Police department has won the National Award for Smart Policing in the category of Road Safety and Traffic Management for the initiative of “SMS based Vehicle Monitoring System (SVMS)” at FICCI Auditorium in New Delhi. The SVMS provides an easy platform for policemen and citizens to report vehicle theft and alert the various field formations of police across the state through sending one SMS. The award is instituted by the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).
    78. Sadiq Khan, belongs to the British-Pakistani family, has been elected the new Mayor of London. With this, he became the first Muslim mayor of city. He is the member of the Labour Party and Member of Parliament (MP) for Tooting since 2005. Beside this, Khan also worked as a solicitor specialising in human rights and chaired Liberty (an advocacy group based in the United Kingdom) for 3 years.
    79. The 11th edition of Habitat Film Festival 2016 has started in New Delhi on May 7, 2016. The five-day-long festival will showcase some of the brilliant films of 2015-2016 viz. Sanskrit movie “Priyamanasam”, Malyalam movie “Ennu Ninte Moideen”, Bengali movie “Cinemawala”, Tamil move “Visaranai”, etc., which depict themes as diverse as love, courage displacement, migration, intolerance, caste, corrupt systems, destruction of indigenous culture, etc.
    80. To improve battle readiness, Indian Army has started the military training exercise “2016 Exercise Chakravyuh-II” in Pallu-Sardarsahar area of Suratgarh, Rajasthan. The exercise also involves rapid mobilisation and execution of battle plans in conjunction with the Indian Air Force (IAF). The purpose of the exercise is to validate the battle readiness and operational effectiveness of the pivot formation and rapid division along with all its affiliated components.
    81. The Soor Sarovar Bird Sanctuary is located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It is home to more than 165 species of resident birds and migratory birds. The sanctuary also has the population of more than 300 of pythons. It is also one of the biggest bear resue centre of India for dancing bear.
    82. The 2016 Malabar trilateral naval exercise will be hosted by Japan. In it, the naval ships of United States, India and Japan will participate to advance multi-national maritime relationships and mutual security issues.
    83. The trade body of Indian IT firms, National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) has recently signed a partnership agreement with Facebook, a social networking site, to build a ‘Product Design Initiative’ in India to encourage young entrepreneurs to become problem solvers and solution builders. The purpose of the initiative is to offer focused programmes to build awareness around product design, training on design tools, design lab, awards, design sprints and mentorship. This will be a flagship programme of the NASSCOM Product Council and aim at supporting over 500 product start-ups on product design. It will also focus on training over 5,000 product designers over a period of two years.
    84. Soumyajit Ghosh is an Indian table tennis player from Siliguri, West Bengal. As per the latest International Table Tennis Federation world rankings, he has been ranked 65 in the world and thus, became the No.1 Indian paddler. Beside this, he also booked his berth for the 2016 Rio Olympics.
    85. The book “Incarnations : India in 50 lives” has been authored by Sunil Khilnani, a Professor of Politics and Director of the King’s College London (KCL) India Institute. The book explores the lives of 50 people who have shaped India, beginning with the spiritualist Lord Buddha and ending with the capitalist Dhirubhai Ambani.
    86. Indian author Parashar Kulkarni has won the the 2016 Commonwealth Short Story Prize for Asia region for his politically grounded, funny fiction story ‘Cow and Company’. It’s a story about four men in search of a cow, which is adjudged as the ‘best piece of unpublished short fiction in English’ from Asia and will receive £2500 pounds. 
    87. The Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL) has recently launched “Shaurya”, an Indian Coast Guard Ship (ICGS) at Vasco, Goa. The vessel is capable of cruising at a speed of 23 knots and has a range of 6,000 nautical miles. It will be fitted with state-of-the-art machinery like the integrated machinery control system and integrated bridge system. The ICGS Shaurya will be commissioned into service in 2017.
    88. India has acquired 4th position at the 2016 International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) Junior World Cup in Suhl, Germany with 3 gold, 4 silver and 3 bronze medals. In this world cup, 48 countries had participated but only 24 nations made it to the medals table. Italy has topped the table with seven gold, four silver and one bronze, followed by Russia and Germany.
    89. The legendary Indian filmmaker Yash Chopra, who shot most of his romantic dramas in the lush mountains of Switzerland, has been honoured with a special statue by the Swiss government. The bronze statue of the late filmmaker, which weighs about 250 kg, has been inaugurated by his wife Pamela Chopra and daughter-in-law Rani Mukherjee at the Kurssaal Garden in the central Swiss town of Interlaken, which is a prime and popular spot of tourists.
    90. Zimbabwe will print its own version of US dollars i.e. “bond notes” in order to ease a cash shortage in the country. The specially-designed $2, $5, $10 and $20 bond notes will have the same value as their US dollar equivalents. The Central bank governor John Mangudya has stated that new currency notes, also known as bond notes, will be backed by $200m (£140m) support from the Africa Export-Import Bank. In 2009, due to prolonged hyperinflation, Zimbabwe had declared its own currency “Zimbabwean dollar” as defunct. Since then, Zimbabweans have been using US dollar, the South African rand, the British sterling and the Chinese yuan for their daily needs.
    91. The Reliance Power has recently received in-principle approval from the Government of Bangladesh for the first phase of a 3,000 MW Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)-based power plant. As per the approval, the first phase of 750 MW power plant will be set up at Meghnaghat (Narayanganj district), around 40 km South-East of Dhaka along with the Floating Storage and Re-gasification Unit (FSRU) terminal at Maheshkhali Island in Cox’s Bazar district of Bangladesh.
    92. The book “The Great Swindle” has been authored by Pierre Lemaitre, which has won the 2013 Prix Goncourt Prize, France’s most prestigious literary award. It’s an engrossing, densely plotted, richly detailed and exciting novel that begins in the last days of World War I and follows three main characters: Albert ( a humble bank clerk), Lieutenant d’Aulnay Pradelle (an ambitious and dishonest officer) and Edouard Pericourt ( an aspiring artist from a wealthy family). The three might never have met in peacetime, but the war brings them into the same world. It’s a tale of widespread corruption and exploitation in which everyone is concerned, in which the dead are sacred and the living people are aimless.
    93. The Andhra Pradesh’s agriculture project “Harita-Priya” has won the 2016 World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) prize in e-Agriculture category. The project “Harmonized Information of Agriculture, Revenue and Irrigation for a Transformation Agenda – Precision Technology for Agriculture (Harita-Priya) is meant to collect very specific climate data from farms by using wireless sensor networks and give farmers personalized information regarding alerts on irrigation schedules, pests and plant diseases, etc., through SMS.
    94. The AP Disaster Recovery Project (APDRP) will be funded jointly by the World Bank and the Andhra Pradesh government in the ratio 68:32. As a result, the World Bank’s arms International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and International Development Association (IDA) will finance Rs.1,550 crore and the state government would spend Rs. 670 crore) as its share. The purpose of the project is to increase the capacity of the state units to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible crisis or emergency.
    95. Vice-Admiral Sunil Lanba, a specialist in Navigation and Direction, has been appointed as the new Chief of Naval Staff of the Indian Navy. He will succeed Admiral Robin K.Dhowan, who retires on May 31, 2016. Currently, Lanba is serving as Flag Officer Commanding in chief in the Western Naval command in Mumbai. He will be the 23rd chief of Indian Navy and will have the full 3-year tenure as the Navy Chief.
    96. Dr. Radha Binod Barman, a well-known statistician, is the newly appointed part-time Chairperson in the National Statistical Commission (NSC). The NSC is an advisory body on all statistical matters, set up to increase public trust in official statistics.
    97. As per SocialCops’ analysis of World Bank data, India ranks 137th out of 210 countries on electrification with 78.7% of its population having access to electricity. There are 87 countries with 100% access to electricity, 40 countries with 90-99%, and 6 countries with 80-89%.
    98. The report titled “Protecting People through Nature: Natural World Heritage Sites as Drivers of Sustainable Development” has been released by the World Wildlife Fund for nature (WWF). As per the study, 114 natural and mixed World Heritage sites out of 229 in 96 countries around the world, including Western Ghats, have oil, gas or mining concessions overlapping them or are under threat from at least one other harmful industrial activity. For example, Indian sites viz. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area, Kaziranga National Park, Sundarbans National Park, the serial sites of Western Ghats, etc., are threatened by harmful activities such as mining.
    99. Kumar Rajesh Chandra, a 1985 batch IPS officer of Bihar cadre, has been appointed as the chief of Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS), the aviation security wing of the government. He succeeded G S Malhi, who had completed his tenure as BCAS chief in November 2012. The post was lying vacant since then. Previously, Chandra was working as the Additional Director General (Modernisation), Bihar Police.
    100. Keoladeo National Park (also known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary) is a World Heritage Site, located at Bharatpur, Rajasthan. It is famous as one of Asia’s finest birding areas, with over 380 resident and migrant species, including the Common, Demoiselle and the rare Siberian Cranes. It is also an excellent place to watch mammals like Golden Jackal, Striped Hyaena, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Nilgai, Sambar, Blackbuck and wild Boar.
    101. Nirmala Sitharaman, the Minister of State for Commerce & Industry (I/C), has recently launched “EXIM Analytics” a web-based dashboard to provide easy access to the public on export and import trends of India. The portal has been developed by the Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics. The dashboard will provide an accurate perspective to the general public on the facts around the trade performance in India and will also provide a graphical collection of export and import from India.
    102. The Union Railways Ministry has recently launched “E-enabled PMIS app” for proper monitoring of all ongoing railway projects online throught India. The Project Management and Information System (PMIS) is a web-enabled IT application which would cover the entire life cycle of complex projects. It is a step in leveraging resources which would empower railways in transforming the way projects are designed, built and commissioned.
    103. The Coal and Power Minister Piyush Goyal has recently launched a “Contract Labour Payment Management System”, a web portal of Coal India Limited (CIL), for monitoring compliance of labour payment and other benefits to contract workers under the Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act, 1970. It is an integrated system for all subsidiaries of CIL. The portal provides access to all contract workers through a Workers Identification Number to view their personal details and payment status. Contract workers can also register their grievances through this portal.
    104. The International Firefighters’ Day (IFFD) is observed every year on May 4 to recognize and honor the fire fighters who risk their lives every day to save life and property of public. The day celebrates the dedication, heroism and importance of firefighters from all over the world.
    105. The book “Exploring Marxist Bengal” has been authored by Debraj Bhattacharya. In this book the author, who was born and brought up in West Bengal/India during the Left Front era, ponder over his experiences during the Marxist regime and the ideology he believes in right now. He also explores issues such as poverty, cinema, Soviet Union, etc.
    106. The Madhya Pradesh government will launch “Nagaroday Abhiyan” campaign on the lines of ‘Gramoday Se Bharat Uday Abhiyan’ in the state in July-August 2016. The campaign will focus on welfare of the people and development of urban localities. In it, the slum dwellers will be given pucca houses and the places where poor people live will be made slum-free.
    107. The Mukkurthi National Park is located in the Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu, is a 78.46 km² protected area . It is home to an array of endangered wildlife, including royal Bengal tiger and Asian elephant, but its main mammal attraction is the Nilgiri tahr. Previously, the park was known as Nilgiri Tahr National Park.
    108. Cricket icon Sachin Tendulkar, Bollywood actor Salman Khan and Olympic shooting champion Abhinav Bindra have become India’s goodwill ambassador for the 2016 Rio Olympics.
    109. Recently, Sumeeth Reddy, an Indian badminton player, has booked his seat in males doubles event with Manu Attri in 2016 Rio Olympics. Apart from them, 5 other Indian shuttlers have booked their berth for the 2016 Rio Olympics, which is scheduled in August 2016. The list includes two female singles players in Saina Nehwal and PV Sindhu, a male singles’ player in Kidambi Srikanth and women’s doubles pairing of Jwala Gutta and Ashwini Ponnappa.
    110. Mark Selby, an English professional snooker player from England, has won the 2016 Betfred World Snooker Championship and won the world title 2nd time in his career. He is the current World No. 1 snooker player, who defeated China’s Ding Junhui by 18-14 score in the final at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield, England to win this title.
    111. Prof. Sriram Ramaswamy, Director of TIFR Centre for Interdisciplinary Sciences (TCIS), Hyderabad, has been on the list of 50 scientists elected as the Fellows of the Royal Society (FRS) of London, a premier scientific academy of the U.K. and the Commonwealth. Besides him, two other Indian viz.biochemist Ramanujan Hegde, MRC Laboratory of Microbiology, U.K. and applied mathematician Lakshminarayanan Mahadevan, Harvard University were also elected. The Royal Society elects new Fellows and Foreign Members every year. Its mission is to recognise, promote, and support excellence in science and to encourage the development and use of science for the benefit of humanity.
    112. In the International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s latest Regional Economic Outlook for Asia and the Pacific, India’s growth forecast for 2016 and 2017 has retained at 7.5%. The key to boost India’s economic growth are structural reforms like Goods and Services Tax(GST) and in areas like land and labour.
    113. The Supreme Court of India (SCI) has recently constituted R.M. Lodha committee to monitor the functioning of the Medical Council of India (MCI) for at least a year. The apex court has used its rare and extraordinary powers under the Article 142 of the Constitution as the Government of India (GoI) had not acted on the report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Health and Family Welfare. The 3-member committee will have the authority to oversee all statutory functions under the MCI Act and will be free to issue appropriate remedial directions. All policy decisions of the MCI will require approval of the oversight committee.
    114. The World Asthma Day (WAD) is an annual event organized by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) to improve asthma awareness and care around the world. It takes place on the first Tuesday of May. The theme of 2016’s event is “You Can Control Your Asthma”.
    115. The Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve in Assam. It is a home to a great variety of wildlife, including many endangered species viz. tiger, pygmy hog, Indian rhinoceros and Indian elephant.
    116. Master Gaurav Menon has won the award for Best Child Artist at the 63rd National film awards 2015 for Malayalam movie Ben.
    117. Leicester City football club has won the 2016 English Premier League (EPL) title . With this win, Leicester City has become the champions for the first time in their 132-year history. The Football Writers’ Association (FWA) Footballer of the Year 2016 has been awarded to Jamie Vardy, footballer of Leicester City.
    118. The book “Politics of the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations” has been authored by Yeshi Choedon. This book investigate deep into military personnel and financial management by the United Nations in its peacekeeping efforts around the world, which the author claims to be the most important and evident method to control conflicts around the world.
    119. The United Nations’World Press Freedom Day is observed every year on May 3 to raise awareness of the importance of freedom of the press. The 2016 Theme is “Access to Information and Fundamental Freedoms – This Is Your Right!”. On this day, the 2016 UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize has been honoured to Khadija Ismayilova, an investigative journalist from Azerbaijan, in Helsinki, Finland.
    120. Nico Rosberg, a German Formula One driver for Mercedes Formula One team, has won the 2016 Formula 1 Russian Grand Prix in Sochi, Russia.
    121. The Andhra Pradesh Government has recently launched “Chandranna Bima Yojana” an insurance scheme for the working class people in Vijayawada. Under the scheme, about 1.5 crore workers in the state would be covered, by which Rs. 5 lakh would be paid if the insured worker met with an accidental death, Rs. 5 lakh in case of permanent disability and Rs. 3 lakh for partial disability.
    122. The two noted Indian scholars-Lokesh Chandra, President of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) and Mansura Haider, former academic adviser at the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) have been honoured with the “North Star”, Mongolia’s highest award at Golf Links, New Delhi. They were awarded for their contribution to the development of friendly relations between India and Mongolia and promotion of Mongolian studies. The occasion also marked 60th anniversary of Indo-Mongolian diplomatic relations.
    123. The novel “The Slashed Canvas” has been authored by Deb Sanjoy Dutta, which follows Siddhartha (Buddha) in three different entities and in three different eras. The book presents various instances of monetary and sexual exploitation of an individual’s conditions, misery, poverty and hardship. With his book, the author also highlights corruption in the society and its rapid proliferation in all spheres of life.
    124. The Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary (CWS) is located at Munnar in the Idukki district of Kerala. The area is diverse in ecosystems and rich in ethnic cultural heritage. It is a well known repository of medicinal plants and the habitat for the endangered Giant Grizzled Squirrel of India. It also supports a healthy population of star tortoise, tufted grey langur, gaur, spotted deer, slender loris, wild elephant, crocodile, tiger, leopard and many a birds, insects and plants.
    125. The 6th edition of Senior Men’s National Hockey championship 2016 has been won by Railway Sports Promotion Board (RSPB) by defeating Hockey Punjab in the final by 6-5 in Etawah, Uttar Pradesh.
    126. The Union Government has recently launched Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) at Maldepur Morh in Ballia district, Uttar Pradesh for providing free of cost LPG (cooking gas) connections to women from Below Poverty Line (BPL) families. The tagline for the scheme is “Swachh Indhan, Behtar Jeevan”. The PMUY scheme will increase usage of LPG and will help in reducing health disorders due to usage of polluting conventional cooking fuels like wood, cowdung, etc. It will also reduce air pollution caused by smoke from solid fuel usage in kitchens and other places and will ensure reduced deforestation and cutting down trees for firewood.
    127. Nour El Sherbini (20), an Egyptian professional squash player, has become the youngest ever Women’s squash World champion by defeating Laura Massaro of England in the final of the 2015 Naza PSA Women’s World Championship at Bukit Jalil in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. With this, she has overtaken the Susan Devoy of New Zealand, who won the title in 1985 at the age of 21.
    128. According to the new study by the Organisation Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the European Union’s Intellectual Property Office, India is the 5th biggest exporter of fake goods in the world. The list is topped by China, followed by Turkey, Singapore and Thailand.
    129. BCCI has nominated Indian Test captain Virat Kohli for the prestigious Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award.
    130. Ajay Mittal, a 1982 batch IAS officer of Himachal Pradesh Cadre, has been appointed as the new secretary of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (I & B). He succeeded Sunil Arora. Prior to his appointment, he was serving as Additional Chief Secretary for Transport, Social Justice and Empowerment Department in Himachal Pradesh.
    131. The Madhya Pradesh High Court has termed reservation in promotions in the state as unconstitutional. The Chief Justice Ajay Manikrao   Khanwilkar bench has stated that the reservation to underprivileged during appointments is logical but reservation in promotions   frustrate talented people. It is injustice to give priority to reserved categories over general classes in promotions.
    132. The Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) has signed MoU with SAARC Development Fund (SDF) for mutual cooperation and collaboration. Both will work together in co-funding of projects in Indian MSMEs on risk sharing basis in identified sectors and for development of suitable financial products for SME financing for MSMEs of other SAARC nations. In it, technology transfer and software of loan tracking systems will be available to MFIs in other SAARC nations and capacity development of SDF/SIDBI and SME funding institutions in SAARC nations.
    133. Indian-American journalist Neela Banerjee and three of her colleagues from Inside Climate News – John Cushman Jr, David Hasemyer and Lisa Song – has won the prestigious 2016 Edgar A Poe award. The annual award by the White House Correspondents Association (WHCA) honours journalistic work of national or regional significance.
    134. International Labour Day, also known as International Worker’s Day or May Day, observed every year to promote and encourage the international labour associations. The day marks the victory of workers’ movement for 8 hours of work. It also aims to pay tribute to workers sacrifices in achieving economic and social rights all over the world. The 2016 theme is “Celebrating the international labour movement”.
    135. The Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary is located at the Kendrapara District, Odisha. The park is home to the endangered Saltwater Crocodile, White Crocodile, Indian python, King Cobra, black ibis, darters and many other species of flora and fauna.
    136. The ADMM-Plus (ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus) Exercise on Maritime Security and Counter Terrorism (Ex MS & CT) has started at Brunei on May 1, 2016 and will end at Singapore on May 9, 2016. To strengthen the strong bilateral ties and extensive maritime interactions between India and ASEAN countries, Indian warship INS Airavat is participating in the maritime exercise. The Indian Naval Ship (INS) Airavat is a Landing Ship Tank, indigenously designed and built in India. The ship has a lift capability of 500 troops, 10 tanks and 11 combat trucks.
    137. The book “Great Acceleration: How the World is Getting Faster, Faster” is authored by Robert Colvile. It is the story about how technology is speeding up the pace of life. It explains how technology is transforming the media, politics and the financial markets and asks whether our bodies and the natural environment can cope.
    138. Andhra Pradesh is set to become India’s first State to make all of its urban areas ‘Open Defecation Free’ by October 2, 2016 that marks the two years of the launch of Swachh Bharat mission by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
    139. The Union Government has recently launched “Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA)” the National LED programme in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. The scheme is being implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture of PSUs under the Union Ministry of Power. Under the scheme, 3 crore LED Bulbs will be distributed in Madhya Pradesh in the next 6 months. Under it, people of Madhya Pradesh will get subsidiesed 9W energy efficient LED bulbs by paying just Rs.85 per LED bulb. UJALA will not only help reduce consumers their electricity bills but also contribute to the energy security of India.
    140. INS Kalvari, also known as Tiger Shark (or S50), Indian Navy’s first indigenous Scorpene-class stealth submarine, has recently launched for the first sea trial in the Mumbai naval dockyard. It is a diesel-electric attack submarine which is built by Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) in collaboration with French naval defence and energy company DCNS under Project 75 in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
    141. The scheme will be launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.The scheme aims to provide LPG connections without security deposit to 50 million women from BPL households over the next three years, using the money saved from 1 crore 13 lakh cooking gas users voluntarily giving up their subsidies.
    142. China has recently developed the world’s first graphene electronic paper that will catapult the material to a new level. It is developed by The Guangzhou OED Technologies in partnership with a company in Chongqing Province of China. As compared to traditional e-papers, graphene e-paper is more flexible and has more intensity and has high-light transmittance, which means optical displays will be much brighter. The production cost of graphene e-paper (derived from carbon) will be much lower than the traditional e-papers, which use the rare, expensive metal indium.
    143. The Gujarat Government has recently declared 10% reservation quota for Economically Backward Classes (EBCs) in general category for higher education and government jobs. The new category would cover all upper castes whose family income does not exceed Rs 6 lakh per annum. The reservation announced by the state government will cross 50% reservation limit set by the Supreme Court of India (SCI) and may face legal hurdles. The state government is already providing 50% reservation to SC/STs and OBCs.
    144. India has recently signed four MoUs with Papua New Guinea (PNG) in areas of infrastructure, healthcare, information technology and agriculture. For this, India will provide $100 million credit line for development of infrastructure and will establish India-Papua New Guinea Centre for Excellence in IT in PNG.
    145. Tabassum Adnan, a women’s rights activist from Pakistan’s Swat valley, has won the 2016 Civicus Nelson Mandela Graca Machel Innovation Award in individual activist category at Bogota, Colombia. She is the founder of NGO Khwendo Jirga (Sister’s Council), the first women-only ‘jirga’ in Pakistan, to address issues of women’s right, including honour killings and acid attacks.
    146. Surender Kumar Bhagat, the 1982-batch IPS officer of the Uttarakhand cadre, has been appointed as the new Director General (DG) of Railways Protection Force (RPF). He will succeed Rajiv Ranjan Verma and will serve RPF till the date of his superannuation i.e. on June 30, 2017. Presently, he is working as Special Director General in the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).
    147. The book “Param Vir: A War Diary” has been written by Manju Lodha, a well-known Indian social activist. It was recently launched in London by Navtej Sarna, Indian High Commissioner to United Kingdom. The book chronicles the lives of 21 Param Vir Chakra awardees, the highest military honour bestowed by India to those serving in the Indian armed forces.
    148. The Maharashtra Government has recently launched ‘Adi Praman’’ a web-based application, which will facilitate the tribal populace of the state to get the caste validity certificates online. The validity certificate will be bar-coded with a unique identification number and enable authorities to directly verify the status of validity certificate using the unique barcode number. The portal “etribalvalidity.mahaonline@gov.in” will show the real-time status of the applications through email and text messages. This initiative will make the entire process of securing caste validity certificate transparent, fast and easy and will effectively curb the menace of bogus certificates.
    149. The mobile app “Indian Customs- Guide to Travellers” has been launched by the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) to inform traders, exporters and importers about Customs Baggage Rules, 2016. The mobile App has been developed by Bengaluru Customs and is available on Android Play store, Apple Store and Windows Store. The app is user friendly and serves as a useful tool for quick and effective dissemination of information about baggage rules and entitlements and hence serves to clarify doubts and concern of International passengers and also ensure better compliance. The CBEC is the nodal national agency responsible for administering customs, central excise, service tax and narcotics in India.
    150. The Kerala state branch of Indian Medical Association (IMA) has partnered with UNICEF to promote safe and healthy practices for improving maternal and child health in the state. The initiative will help Kerala to achieve world class level in reducing child mortality rate. As part of the partnership, IMA and UNICEF will orient all the 35,000 doctors of the association in the state, on the importance of prescribing good practices to their patients, besides medicine.

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